June 9, 2019. I was sworn in as an MP. A politician’s lifelong dream is to go to parliament, to play a role there. When I was first convinced that I was going to be a Member of Parliament, another feeling that worked, in addition to taking on new responsibilities, was intense fear. Because I was nominated for only one reserved women’s seat, will I be able to fulfill my responsibilities as a new MP?There was another reason for my fear or this is the main reason. Involved with my family background. As I have seen Baba Oli Ahad as a politician, it seems that not only honesty, sincerity and diligence make a high level politician but also the knowledge and wisdom of that person is very important. As soon as I was nominated as a Member of Parliament, I was scared to think, can I really touch the standard of knowledge and wisdom of a true parliamentarian? At the very least, can I properly state the fact that a Member of Parliament’s various data-driven statements are essential for enriching and enriching Parliament at the same time? Especially when the parliament is one-party and completely unaccountable due to long-standing unaccountability. I noticed that there was a kind of comfortable laziness everywhere as there was no opposition party in the parliament for a long time. This laziness hasn’t changed much in two years,Everything in the budget session is discussed. Four days after taking the oath without the budget, I joined the Parliament session and fortunately or unfortunately my first session was the budget session. The most important and complex session of Parliament. As a conscious citizen I had some very basic idea of budget. Stay away from being an economist, I have never studied economics even as a subject. So the deeper issues of the budget and the associated economy were completely new to me.After passing the first session of the Parliament for the first time in my life, I realized that it is very difficult and at the same time very easy to perform my duties as a Member of Parliament. I knew I was going to Parliament for the first time in the budget session. So before I take the oath, let’s start trying to understand the budget and the economics that are relevant to it.’Prices will go down / prices will go up in the budget’ is reported in every media outlet along with the budget proposal; Since it has a direct impact on the lives of ordinary people, they are eager to know about it. But when I went to look at the budget myself, I realized that the budget is actually the economic philosophy of a state.More than two-thirds of indirect taxes (VAT, import duty, supplementary duty, etc.) are levied on the general public instead of paying attention to the income tax from the rich. , Then it must be understood that the state and whatever it is not the common man.When a country like Bangladesh does not focus on collecting income tax from the rich in terms of its revenue, it collects more than two-thirds of indirect taxes (VAT, import duty, supplementary duty, etc.) from the general public and spends it on 1% of the population. By doing and fixing the monetary policy, then it must be understood that the state and whatever it is is not of the common man. When Bangladesh allocates a very small proportion of GDP (health, education, social security) to the welfare sector that makes life easier for the common man, it is at the bottom of the list in South Asia. No.Understanding the basics of the budget, I have got one proof after another that there are no ordinary people in the budget plan of the present government. Let me give you a small example. In the budget prepared by Corona in the last financial year, the allocation was only increased by Tk 4,000 crore as compared to the budget of 2019-20. Even then, the Ministry of Health has failed miserably to spend even this meager allocation. When the rate of implementation of their development budgets is half of the overall ADP implementation, the question may arise, has the Ministry of Planning not noticed throughout the year that such a stalemate is going on here? What has the Ministry of Finance done? There was talk that they would spend all the money and ask for more, which would be allocated in the supplementary budget. And in this context, this time the budget will be allocated several times.Incidentally, in the current financial year, the allocation in the health budget in India has increased by 136 percent as compared to the previous year, almost two and a half times. And we have increased only 4 percent. The people of this country are paying the price for not allocating even a small allocation in the health budget. Far from getting ICU in the hospital, people are dying all over the country due to lack of oxygen.I have seen three budgets proposed and passed in Parliament itself. I was surprised to find that there is a lot of ‘discussion’ in the budget discussion, not just the budget. There are very few MPs who seriously discuss the details of the budget. It may be argued that almost all MPs are no longer economists, or have not studied economics at any stage of their lives, so how is it possible for them to have a serious discussion on the budget?MPs need to get basic idea about all the bills like Air Transport (Montreal Convention) Bill, Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (Amendment) Bill, Bangladesh Madrasa Education Board (Amendment) Bill, Iodine Deficiency Disease Prevention Bill, Fisheries and Fisheries (Inspection and Quality Control) Bills are the title of a few bills that came to this Parliament. Now the question is do all the MPs have enough ideas or knowledge about these issues? If not, how will they debate these bills? How will they find the weaknesses of these bills and give advice on how to fix them? So how will a parliamentary system work? Why don’t any member of the government party forget to take part in the discussion on a bill? Do not speak in public opinion verification or amendment of the bill? As a result, only 12 per cent of the total time of the Parliament of Bangladesh is spent on legislation, which is 32 per cent in India and 48 per cent in the United Kingdom.Whether we like it or not, at the end of the day all the laws of the state have to be passed by the parliament and all the members of the same parliament will do it. So I think it’s important for MPs to get the basic idea about whatever bill comes up. With that in mind, I believe that the very important budget of the state and the lack of basic knowledge of the MPs about this related economy is a crime. Excluding the main discussion in the parliament of this country, many members read hymns, starting from irrelevant speeches, even songs, the main reason is that the MPs do not try to get a minimum idea about the subject.’Senior’ in Parliament does not mean skilled. I have seen from the beginning of my lawyer’s life that some lawyers in the judiciary are referred to as ‘Senior Lawyers’. All of them have not only become senior in terms of the length of their professional work, but have also been associated with the origins of their jurisprudence. When ‘senior lawyers’ present their case before the court, the court often gives them a little more time than the juniors, listening to them patiently, but they use that time to explain complex legal and judicial discussions. Their statements enriched the entire court yard.In a parliament that spends about two lakh rupees per minute, what is the full use of the money spent in the parliament? Isn’t the activities of many MPs, with which the functions of the parliament have the most remote relationship, a waste of people’s money?I am disappointed to see that he is the only senior MP in Parliament who has been elected as a member only a few times. These senior members of Parliament get more time to speak on various issues, their time is extended at the end of the speech. Their application is granted in most cases if they want to speak at the point of order. A handful of these MPs have made significant contributions to the enactment of laws in Parliament and to the review of various state policies, but many have spent time on unnecessary hymns or history.Transparency International Bangladesh regularly publishes a report on Parliament called ‘Parliament Watch’. It emphasizes how late the commencement of the proceedings of the Parliament was due to the quorum crisis and how much money was lost in it. I have raised this question in the Parliament, which spends about two lakh rupees per minute during the sitting of the Parliament, when the proceedings of the Parliament, the entire amount of money spent is utilized? Isn’t the activities of many MPs, with which the functions of Parliament have the most remote relationship, a waste of people’s money? If you calculate the loss of those times, where will the amount of loss go?Due to the existing constitution, even the upper house of parliament can be called a ‘rubber stamp’ at this stage. Can you change? The conscious reader must know that due to Article 70 of the Constitution, if any member votes against his party in any bill, his seat of Parliament will be vacated. When a law is passed in the parliament, there will be a clause in it or not, it all becomes a matter of will and reluctance of the ruling party and in short, the chief executive. Therefore, in the present constitutional system, if Parliament is called a ‘rubber stamp’, it is not exaggerated.The constitution of Bangladesh has also left the President completely powerless in this regard. According to Article 70 of the Constitution, if the President disagrees with a bill or any of its provisions, he can send it to Parliament for reconsideration with maximum amendment. Then if Parliament does not consider it and even if it does not have the consent of the President, he cannot sign the bill. But even in that case he will be considered to have signed. In other words, even if the President has any difference of opinion in this bill, he cannot call for reconsideration of the Parliament as per Article 80 (3). As much as the President has a minimum requirement to reconsider a bill, it is not in the case of a budget, many of us do not know that.In order to make the parliament effective, the conscious people have long proposed to change Article 70 to make it a rule that anyone can vote for any party except in the case of no-confidence and treasury bills (budget), much like Article 63 of the Constitution of Pakistan. In the form of A (B). I personally think that even if the no-confidence vote is excluded, there should be a rule to vote against the party in the case of the Treasury Bill (budget). In this, the ruling party will be afraid to take any step against the interest of the people in the budget.I know that as soon as the constitution is amended, even if any member of the ruling party has an objection against the bill or any of its provisions raised in the Parliament of Bangladesh, he may not vote against it very easily. But the initial vital step in paving the way for a discussion on the next step, the constitutional change, is urgent.
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